Since the idea was raised, Britain has debated the pros and cons of joining an international European community. In 1975, less than three years after its accession, it held its first referendum on membership of the European Economic Community at the time. At the time, 67% of voters voted in favour of remaining in the bloc. These include negotiations on trade in industrial goods and services, which make up the bulk of the UK economy. If the two sides fail to reach an agreement, even if it is a narrow issue that leaves some problems for next year, Britain would fall out of the bloc without a deal, raising the prospect of tariffs and border disruptions, reflecting the kind of Non-Brexit that lawmakers had long feared. Or, as the Washington Post says, “Brexit has exhausted everything. She dominated May`s headlines, the debates, the diplomacy, the agenda. After May formally invoked EU Article 50 in March 2017, May negotiated a withdrawal deal with her European counterparts for more than a year and an agreement was finally reached at the end of 2018. “The truth is that the rise of the drawbridge and the exit from the EU will not strengthen our national sovereignty,” Labour`s Hilary Benn said before the referendum. “All it would do would be to weaken it by taking our power to influence events in an increasingly complex and interdependent world.” Similarly, according to Remainers, the UK`s sovereignty outside the EU would not be absolute: the British government would still be bound by membership of NATO, the United Nations, the WTO and various treaties and agreements with other nations. Mr Johnson took office in July and pledged to remove Britain from the bloc until that date, with or without agreement.
But lawmakers and opposition rebels within his own party took control of the Brexit process and tried to block a withdrawal without a deal, which would have meant the UK`s exit without being able to cushion the blow of a sudden divorce. Many people would still vote from a position of relative ignorance. Few people have actually read the withdrawal agreement and most voters are unaware that the agreement is only the first step in a long negotiation process. There is also a risk of misinformation. Both sides have been accused of lying in the 2016 referendum and it would be naïve this time to behave more ruthlessly. Since the Brexit vote, the government has said it will commit to maintaining security relations with the EU. “In today`s uncertain world, we need this common force more than ever,” MI5 Chief Andrew Parker said in May 2018. “I hope for a comprehensive and lasting agreement that will avoid obstacles and allow professionals to work together.” And there is the moral hazard argument: more time is good and good, but it reduces the pressure to reach a timely agreement on future relations, so that both sides will probably still face a situation where further extension of the transition is needed to avoid a new moment of pitfall.